Back to top
Back to all guidesBack to all guides

Single v Joint Life Insurance

Last updated: 24. 03. 2020

Life insurance is a great way to give yourself reassurance that your family will be supported after you die. If you have a long-term partner, one of the most important decisions to make when you take out life insurance is whether you want to take out a single or joint life insurance policy. 
 
Although the death of the main wage earner of your household could have a bigger impact on your family, there are likely to be financial consequences of either of you passing away. This is why it is important to consider which type of policy would work better for your particular household. 

How much will life insurance cost me?

You will usually pay a monthly sum towards your insurance policy. The amount you pay each month depends on a variety of factors such as your age, job, health and lifestyle choices such as smoking and exercise. 
 
If you are over 60 then your monthly premiums are likely to be higher, so it is important to look into your most cost-effective option. Often a joint policy will be cheaper than two separate single life insurance policies, but it is a good idea to look into this as it differs depending on your situation.

What is single life insurance?

A single insurance policy will cover one person, so if one of you dies then your insurance company will pay the agreed amount to you. This will usually cover whichever one of you dies first. 
 
You could both take out a single life insurance policy, but you need to think carefully about whether a joint policy could be more financially viable than two separate single life insurance policies. It is possible to find cost-effective single life insurance cover for both of you, so it is worth comparing both options. 
 
Bear in mind that your single life insurance policy may cost more or less than your partners depending on the factors discussed such as age and health. 

What is joint life insurance?

Joint life insurance cover applies to two people so the payout when one of you passes away works differently to a single life insurance policy. Often a joint policy will only pay out when the first partner dies, but you may be able to find a policy which provides two payouts after each partner dies. 
 
Although this payout will usually be offered when the first partner dies, you are usually able to decide whether you would prefer for your family to take it later on once both of you have passed away. 
 
The main issue with joint life insurance is that there is only one payout. This means that unless they take out a new policy, the remaining living partner won’t be leaving any cover for anyone who is dependent on them when they pass away. If you still have children, parents or other family members who are dependent on you when you die then it is important to think about what kind of support you want to leave them. 
 
It is important to note that after the first partner dies, the remaining partner no longer has any life insurance. If, as the remaining partner, you then try to take out an insurance policy for yourself, it is likely to be more expensive because you will be older than when you took out your first policy. 

Should I get single or joint life insurance?

It is important that you find the insurance policy that suits the needs of both you and your partner. You need to compare the pros and cons of each option carefully before making a decision. There are some essential factors you need to bear in mind when choosing. 
 
Firstly, you need to think about what you need from the payout in the event of one of you passing away. What would your partner need the money for after you are gone? You need to think about how much you need the payout to be to support your remaining partner and any other dependents you have. If they will have the responsibility of paying important monthly sums such as a mortgage, then your level of cover will probably have to be higher. 
 
How much are you able to spend on your policy? Review your current financial situation and look at how much you can afford to spend on the monthly payments. A joint policy may be more feasible, but it comes with its disadvantages so weighing up the costs and benefits of your decision is essential.
 
If there is a main wage earner in your house, then a joint life insurance policy could be ideal for you. The death of the main wage earner is more likely to have a larger financial consequence for your family, so you are likely to receive a bigger payout when they die. 
 
However, two single life insurance policies would make more sense if both of you earn similar amounts. It may be more expensive, but it would mean that when either of your incomes are lost, the payouts would reduce the impact on the people who are dependent on you by compensating for the loss of half of the household income.

What are the pros and cons of a joint life insurance policy?


Pros:

  • A joint policy is more than likely to be cheaper than two separate single life insurance policies. 
  • Flexibility with when the payout is given - whether this is after the first or second partner’s death.
  • Ideal for young couples needing to save on their monthly costs. 
  • Extra security than just taking out one single life insurance policy for the main wage earner in the household. 

Cons:

  • The remaining partner has no cover after the first partner dies.
  • It can become difficult if your relationship breaks down and the policy needs to come to an end.
  • If the remaining partner takes out a new life insurance policy after their partner has died, it will likely be more expensive as they are now older.
  • Cannot be tailored for each partner and their specific income like single insurance policies could be. 
Fergus Cole

Author: Fergus Cole

Fergus is a journalist specialising in the personal finance, energy and broadband sectors. He also has a passion for travel and adventure so tries to make the most of this in any spare time he gets.